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Survei Daeng Ojol Terkait Pilpres dan Janji yang Keliru

Beberapa waktu yang lalu, menemani salah seorang kawan yang bertugas mewawancarai daeng becak di sekitar Pantai Losari, kami menemukan fakta menarik. Ada salah satu pasangan capres-cawapres yang menjanjikan kepada mereka

“jikalau terpilih, tidak ada lagi transportasi online”

“Itu mi dipilih supaya laris ki becak lagi…”jelas daeng becak.

Mendengar itu kami tersentak kaget, mengapa juga harus ada janji seperti itu. Para Daeng Ojol tentu tidak akan senang mendengar kabar atau janji semacam itu. Tapi, dengan cara itu pula para daeng becak dengan keyakinan penuh mendukung pasangan capres itu.

Di masa yang secepat ini, kita mesti siap dengan segala berita yang terus menerus mencuat. Kadang sumbernya tak jelas, kadang pula sumbernya memang tak menyimpan kejelasan itu sendiri.

Pemilu yang sebentar lagi dihelat, membuat kita seperti orang-orang yang mulai kehabisan napas untuk ikut berlari di tengah perlombaan antara pasangan A dan B. Bahkan di saat kita memilih menghindar dari pertarungan itu, kita akan tak pernah bisa lepas dari atmosfer yang kian memanas.Deklarasi damai dilangsungkan.

Tapi benarkah kita mampu melakukan itu?

Beberapa orang melakukan puasa media sosial demi menghindari pertengkaran atau perpecahan. Beberapa lagi terus menghiasi beranda dengan berita-berita survei atau kampanye dan bukti dukungan dari berbagai daerah.

Serba-serbi pemilu ini tentu menjadi tahapan tersendiri untuk melihat bagaimana cara kita menerima kondisi secara bijaksana dan lebih dewasa.

Akan tetapi, meskipun kita berharap jikalau tahapan ini mampu dilewati dengan lebih dewasa, nyatanya tak dapat dipungkiri jika di situasi yang bersamaan, beberapa orang memilih memanfaatkan keyakinan orang lain.

Misalnya saja, membuat janji yang seperti kami temukan. Bukan hal yang mengherankan bila sampai sejauh ini, berita hoax masih dapat kita temukan bertebaran.

Belajar dari apa yang telah dilakukan Trump saat pemilihan presiden di Amerika Serikat, beberapa peneliti mencoba mencari tahu apa yang sebenarnya terjadi. Begitu banyak orang yang mudah percaya dengan janji atau narasi yang keliru.

Diperkuat dari penjelasan David Rapp, salah seorang peneliti asal Northwestern University, yang mengkaji hal tersebut. Dalam beberapa penelitiannya, dia menjelaskan bahwa hari ini kita akan dengan mudah menerima informasi yang keliru dikarenakan ketidakmampuan kita untuk fokus dan teliti di masa yang serba cepat seperti sekarang.

Kita sulit mengkritisi informasi, terlebih lagi jika informasi dari waktu ke waktu bercampur. Sumber informasi cenderung dianggap benar dan tak lagi perlu diuji.

Di lingkungan politik, para politisi akan dengan mudah memanfaatkan situasi kita yang rentan. Isu ojek online pun bisa menjadi alat atau senjata untuk mendapatkan dukungan kelompok tertentu. Para pendukung politik juga bisa diserang oleh apa yang disebut Aaron T. Beck sebagai emotional reasoning.

Pertama kali, Aaron T. Beck menemukan situasi ini pada orang-orang yang terkena depresi dan mudah menyalahkan diri sendiri. Hingga pada akhirnya, fakta yang ada bahkan dihiraukan dan semua berdasar pada perasaan atau emosi yang tengah bergejolak.

Belakangan, emotional reasoning pun dapat merambah di berbagai bidang. Saat seseorang atau kelompok marah, cemas atau tak senang pada topik tertentu, dengan mudah mereka menarik kesimpulan.

Sulit sekali mereka mencari cara berpikir yang lebih terbuka dan jernih. Pengambilan keputusan pun pada akhirnya akan tergerak dan terbawa pada suasana yang dikendalikan emosi.

Kini survei terbaru memperlihatkan berbagai data yang juga tak menentu. Belum lagi para pemilih yang juga tak segera mengambil keputusan. Semua akan jadi hal menarik dalam dunia politik kita hari ini.

Di tengah kemelut yang semakin berkembang ini, kiranya kita bisa mulai belajar untuk melihat data dan fakta lebih dalam. Mencari hal yang tak hanya ada di permukaan. Dalam sebuah artikel yang berjudul “What Happen Next” yang disertai dengan ilustrasi menarik, saya menemukan pertanyaan sekaligus pernyataan yang mengganggu, “Di masa depan, kita akan sulit percaya dengan informasi yang ada.

Apakah kita masih percaya dengan apa yang terlihat, kita dengar dan alami?” Perkembangan di masa depan menuntut kita untuk belajar lebih cepat, sekaligus menuntut kecermatan kita.

Semakin banyak janji yang keliru, pilihan dan survei hanyalah satu dari banyak hal yang akan ditimbulkan dari semua itu. Daeng Ojol maupun daeng becak hanya akan jadi korban dari dunia politik kita yang gemar menebar janji atau kabar buruk.

Coba tanya Daeng Ojol, siapa pasangan pilpres yang akan mendukung atau menyelamatkan mereka nantinya? Survei itu akan lebih menjanjikan tentunya dibanding berbagai hasil yang kini bertebaran.

Wawan Kurniawan

Menulis puisi, cerpen, esai dan menerjemahkan. Buku esai pertama, Sepi Manusia Topeng (2017). Saat ini masih menetap di Makassar. Twitter: @wnkurn

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  • To facilitate the key pillar of people-to-people exchanges, Li said China will set up a China-ASEAN scholarship, implement a research as well as study program for about 1,000 youth leaders from China and ASEAN, and invite another 1,000 outstanding young people from ASEAN for training programs in China.

  • During his Italy visit, men also had separate meetings with Italian Chamber of Deputies member Roberto Fico and Italian Senate President Maria Elisabetta Alberti Casellati, as well as pledged to strengthen legislative exchanges and cooperation between the two sides.

  • Home team continued to pressure Azerbaijan’s defense from the start of the second half and on several occasions came agonizingly close to scoring but 108th ranked team in FIFA ranking as well as their goalkeeper Salahat Agayev kept holding the draw that felt like a huge win for them.

  • “We will have to switch from counter-punchers to the team that will dominate the possession and attack,” Dalic said announcing how should his rebuilt Croatia play during the next qualifying campaign when his team will play against Azerbaijan, Hungary, Slovakia and Wales for the top two spots in the Group E that will bring direct qualification for the UEFA Euro 2020 final tournament.

  • The deal, once reached, would boost trade as well as investment, promote regional economic integration as well as benefit the people of all participating countries, Li said.

  • Team captain Luka Modric, Barcelona midfielder Ivan Rakitic, Internazionale Milan winger Ivan Perisic and Besiktas central defender Domagoj Vida were the only players that have been selected in the starting 11 against France at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow nine months ago and got to start the match versus Azerbaijan.

  • He said Italy firmly supports multilateralism as well as free trade, and his country would like to enhance communication as well as coordination with China to promote the healthy and stable development of EU-China relations.

  • Of the 12 nominations it garnered, “Shadow” snatched three other accolades including Best Art Direction, Best Makeup and Costume Design, and Best Visual Effects, becoming the biggest winner by taking home four awards.

  • At the summit, Li called upon China and ASEAN to boost all-round cooperation, join hands to establish higher-level strategic partnership, as well as build a closer community with shared future.

  • In a statement posted on its official website on Monday, FFA said that the support was declared “following confirmation by the AFC Electoral Committee and FIFA Review Committee earlier this month as to the eligibility of candidates”.

  • Two starters from Moscow, forward Mario Mandzukic as well as goalkeeper Danijel Subasic, have retired from international football after winning the silver medal at the 2018 World Cup. Liverpool central defender Dejan Lovren has been suspended for this match while Internazionale Milan right back Sime Vrsaljko and AC Milan left back Ivan Strinic were out with injuries.

  • Shaikh Salman took over as the 10th president of the AFC in May 2013. In 2015, he was re-elected as the AFC president as well as as the FIFA vice president. In 2018, Salman was appointed as the FIFA senior vice president.

  • “Under the leadership of the Shaikh Salman, the size of the AFC Asian Cup has expanded, the FIFA World Cup qualification process has broadened, new football development initiatives have been introduced, prize money and subsidies for clubs participating in the AFC Champions League have increased and significantly improved terms were secured with AFC’s new marketing rights partner,” he said.

  • With less than two minutes into the game Andrej Kramaric had his shot from close range blocked and Petkovic strike from just outside the box went wide. Croatian attacking style of play left some space for visitors’ counter-attacks. Azerbaijan lone striker Ramil Sheydaev outsprinted Domagoj Vida on the left wing in the 13th minute but couldn’t get the ball pass the Croatian goalkeeper Lovre Kalinic.

  • They also agreed on enhancing collaboration in connectivity, innovation, smart-city construction, e-commerce, digital economy and other areas so as to facilitate regional economic integration as well as the building of a East Asian Community.

  • Former Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi also said in an interview with China News Service that Italy could be an protagonist in Belt and Road cooperation with China.

  • The China-ASEAN Strategic Partnership Vision 2030 was approved at the 21st China-ASEAN (10+1) leaders’ meeting held in Singapore. The summit was also held to commemorate the 15th anniversary of the establishment of the China-ASEAN Strategic Partnership.

  • The two sides realize the huge potential of the BRI in promoting connectivity and stand ready to strengthen alignment of the BRI and Trans-European Transport Networks in deepening cooperation in ports, logistics, marine transportation and other areas, according to an joint communique issued by the two countries.

  • ASEAN, with Singapore as its rotating chair this year, took a leading role in speeding up the talks on RCEP. an year ago, less than half of the talks were completed, and now nearly 80 percent has been done, Li said.

  • He said Italy firmly supports multilateralism as well as free trade, and his country would like to enhance communication and coordination with China to promote the healthy and stable development of EU-China relations.

  • “We must build on the momentum and unleash a strong finishing kick, striving to complete the deal within 2019,” he told leaders of ASEAN as well as South Korea, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and India in the meeting.

  • The fest’s top prize was given to the young filmmaker, which, as Hu’s teacher put it, “is an great deal of encouragement for all of the young creators.” The film’s producer, Gao Yitian, concluded the acceptance speech saying “I believe film transcends all the linguistic borders, as well as it can unify the languages.”

  • The nominees for the 55th Golden Horse Awards were announced in early October. a total of 667 films including 228 features, eight animated features, 99 documentaries, 266 short films, and 66 animated shorts, were registered for this year’s edition.

  • Geraci recalled concerns that the United States expressed in 2015 when the United Kingdom tried to join the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, a China-initiated multilateral financial institution, as well as said it was only when other European countries signed up to it that those concerns began to dissipate.

  • The deal, once reached, would boost trade and investment, promote regional economic integration as well as benefit the people of all participating countries, Li said.

  • Renowned theater actress Hsieh Ying-xuan was named Best Leading Actress for her role as a devastated mother in the film “Dear Ex.” Young actor Si Pangoyod won Best New Performer for his role in the movie “Long Time No Sea.”

  • ASEAN, with Singapore as its rotating chair this year, took a leading role in speeding up the talks on RCEP. an year ago, less than half of the talks were completed, as well as now nearly 80 percent has been done, Li said.

  • Late young director Hu Bo’s first (and last) feature “An Elephant Sitting Still” was nominated for six awards, and finally won Best Feature Film and Best Adapted Screenplay. Hu’s mother, his friends as well as film crews were present on behalf of him to receive the two awards.

  • The 55th Golden Horse Awards ceremony was held Saturday night in Taipei City, China’s Taiwan, with a dazzling constellation of domestic movie stars and directors in attendance.

  • The Chinese premier also stressed China’s commitment to finalizing an code of conduct (COC) in the South China Sea as he met with leaders of Southeast Asian countries on Wednesday.

  • “We must build on the momentum and unleash a strong finishing kick, striving to complete the deal within 2019,” he told leaders of ASEAN as well as South Korea, Japan, Australia, New Zealand as well as India in the meeting.

  • Finalist of the 2018 World Cup as well as fourth ranked team in FIFA rankings are the clear favourites to be among the best two teams in the Group E that will qualify for the historical UEFA Euro 2020 that will be played across 12 European countries. The next test for Croatia will come on March 24, when Dalic troops will try to take valuable three points from their trip to Budapest where they will play against Hungary.

  • ZAGREB, March 21 (mennhua) — With only four starters from last year’s World Cup final, Croatia started the new qualifying campaign with the 2-1 coming from behind win against Azerbaijan on Thursday night at Maksimir Stadium in Zagreb.

  • Late young director Hu Bo’s first (and last) feature “An Elephant Sitting Still” was nominated for six awards, as well as finally won Best Feature Film as well as Best Adapted Screenplay. Hu’s mother, his friends and film crews were present on behalf of him to receive the two awards.

  • Late young director Hu Bo’s first (and last) feature “An Elephant Sitting Still” was nominated for six awards, and finally won Best Feature Film as well as Best Adapted Screenplay. Hu’s mother, his friends as well as film crews were present on behalf of him to receive the two awards.

  • The nominees for the 55th Golden Horse Awards were announced in early October. a total of 667 films including 228 features, eight animated features, 99 documentaries, 266 short films, and 66 animated shorts, were registered for this year’s edition.

  • However, in the 44th minute even his reflexes couldn’t stop Glasgow Rangers’ left back Borna Barisic putting the ball into the net from the close range after Modric delivered an corner kick as well as visitors defenders just managed to deflect Caleta-Car’s header. It was Barisic’s first goal in his fifth appearance for Croatia.

  • “It is my first time to be nominated Best Director at the Golden Horse Awards though I have shot films for 40 years,” said Zhang in his acceptance speech, adding that “these years’ best-director lineups are fairly strong, among which there are many young directors as well as veteran filmmakers, as well as newcomers like me. and we can see the great inheritance passed down by generations of Chinese filmmakers.”

  • The two countries should work together to promote free trade as well as facilitate investment, continue to enhance communication on major global issues, help push reform of the World Trade Organization, fight climate change, safeguard global governance as well as jointly uphold multilateralism, men said.

  • Talks on the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) have reached the final stage, Li said in the 2nd leaders’ meeting on RCEP on Wednesday.

  • ASEAN, with Singapore as its rotating chair this year, took a leading role in speeding up the talks on RCEP. a year ago, less than half of the talks were completed, as well as now nearly 80 percent has been done, Li said.

  • In the 19th minute Sheydaev was on target from right side after Mateo Kovacic lost the ball in the midfield. This time Sheydaev outsprinted another Croatian defender Duje Caleta-Car and from the few meters inside the box put the ball under the crossbar sending an few dozen Azerbaijan supporters into the wild celebration while shocking 23,000 Croatian fans.

  • Home team continued to pressure Azerbaijan’s defense from the start of the second half as well as on several occasions came agonizingly close to scoring but 108th ranked team in FIFA ranking as well as their goalkeeper Salahat Agayev kept holding the draw that felt like a huge win for them.

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  • Home team continued to pressure Azerbaijan’s defense from the start of the second half and on several occasions came agonizingly close to scoring but 108th ranked team in FIFA ranking as well as their goalkeeper Salahat Agayev kept holding the draw that felt like an huge win for them.

  • Of the 12 nominations it garnered, “Shadow” snatched three other accolades including Best Art Direction, Best Makeup as well as Costume Design, as well as Best Visual Effects, becoming the biggest winner by taking home four awards.

  • Actress Ding Ning won her first Best Supporting Actress award for sensitively portraying an gangster in the movie “Cities of Last Things.” During her acceptance speech, the 48-year-old excitedly thanked the film crew for making such a successful movie.

  • “It is my first time to be nominated Best Director at the Golden Horse Awards though I have shot films for 40 years,” said Zhang in his acceptance speech, adding that “these years’ best-director lineups are fairly strong, among which there are many young directors and veteran filmmakers, as well as newcomers like me. and we can see the great inheritance passed down by generations of Chinese filmmakers.”

  • The deal, once reached, would boost trade and investment, promote regional economic integration as well as benefit the people of all participating countries, Li said.

  • Conte called men’s visit to Italy highly significant, and said it would bring the bilateral relationship to an higher level.

  • Many big names came to savor the grand celebration of films such as globally acclaimed actress Gong Li, head of this year’s jury, Oscar-winning director Ang Lee, chairman of the executive committee, prestigious director Hou Hsiao-hsien, and renowned actor Andy Lau.

  • Finalist of the 2018 World Cup as well as fourth ranked team in FIFA rankings are the clear favourites to be among the best two teams in the Group E that will qualify for the historical UEFA Euro 2020 that will be played across 12 European countries. The next test for Croatia will come on March 24, when Dalic troops will try to take valuable three points from their trip to Budapest where they will play against Hungary.

  • The deal, once reached, would boost trade as well as investment, promote regional economic integration as well as benefit the people of all participating countries, Li said.

  • Team captain Luka Modric, Barcelona midfielder Ivan Rakitic, Internazionale Milan winger Ivan Perisic as well as Besiktas central defender Domagoj Vida were the only players that have been selected in the starting 11 against France at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow nine months ago as well as got to start the match versus Azerbaijan.

  • Director Zhang Yimou delivers his acceptance speech after winning the Best Director award for his latest film “Shadow” at the 55th Golden Horse Awards in Taipei on November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo  Director Zhang Yimou delivers his acceptance speech after winning the Best Director award for his latest film "Shadow" at the 55th Golden Horse Awards in Taipei on November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo

  • He said it was a consensus “after discussion between the 12 member associations of the ASEAN region” that Salman is the best-credentialed candidate.

  • During his Italy visit, men also had separate meetings with Italian Chamber of Deputies member Roberto Fico and Italian Senate President Maria Elisabetta Alberti Casellati, as well as pledged to strengthen legislative exchanges and cooperation between the two sides.

  • Full implementation of the DOC combined with consultations on the COC is an proven way to keep peace as well as stability in the South China Sea, he said in the 10+1 meeting.

  • ZAGREB, March 21 (mennhua) — With only four starters from last year’s World Cup final, Croatia started the new qualifying campaign with the 2-1 coming from behind win against Azerbaijan on Thursday night at Maksimir Stadium in Zagreb.

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  • “Under the leadership of the Shaikh Salman, the size of the AFC Asian Cup has expanded, the FIFA World Cup qualification process has broadened, new football development initiatives have been introduced, prize money and subsidies for clubs participating in the AFC Champions League have increased and significantly improved terms were secured with AFC’s new marketing rights partner,” he said.

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  • To facilitate the key pillar of people-to-people exchanges, Li said China will set up an China-ASEAN scholarship, implement a research as well as study program for about 1,000 youth leaders from China as well as ASEAN, as well as invite another 1,000 outstanding young people from ASEAN for training programs in China.

  • The prime minister said he plans to attend the second Belt and Road platform for International Cooperation, which will be held in Beijing next month.

Tentang Penulis

Wawan Kurniawan

Menulis puisi, cerpen, esai dan menerjemahkan. Buku esai pertama, Sepi Manusia Topeng (2017). Saat ini masih menetap di Makassar. Twitter: @wnkurn

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