Locita

Satu Rumah Tiga Tuhan, Pesan Toleransi dari Bima

“Aku bukanlah orang Nasrani, Aku bukanlah orang Yahudi, Aku bukanlah orang Majusi, dan Aku bukanlah orang Islam. Keluarlah, lampaui gagasan sempitmu tentang benar dan salah. Sehingga kita dapat bertemu pada ‘Suatu Ruang Murni’ tanpa dibatasi berbagai prasangka atau pikiran yang gelisah”.

PESAN terindah dari Jalaluddin Rumi (Ulama sufi) di atas sebenarnya sudah lebih dari cukup untuk memekarkan mawar toleransi di antara kita. Biarlah orang lain merayakan ritual keagamaannya, kita sendiri pun beribadah menurut keyakinan masing-masing. Yang terpenting adalah outputnya, yaitu akhlak atau etika kolektif yang mengharum di ruang publik.

Tapi penyakit hati seperti egois, prasangka buruk, takut dan resah ketika memandang sesuatu yang berbeda masih saja kita jumpai dalam kehidupan keagamaan di Indonesia. Seolah-olah kalau melihat simbol atau ritual agama lain, iman mengalami pengeroposan. Jangan-jangan kurang piknik, ya?

Betapa tidak, gelombang intoleransi simbolik akhir-akhir ini menggambarkan bahwa gaya beragama lebih menampilkan duri daripada harumnya. Pada pertengahan Desember 2018 lalu, sebuah nisan kayu salib umat Kristiani dipotong di Paroki Pringgolayan, Yogyakarta.

Awal tahun 2019, terjadi penghancuran simbol-simbol agama di Tempat Pemakaman Umum (TPU) Giriloyo, Magelang. Belakangan, sekelompok masyarakat menolak perayaan tahun baru Imlek dan Cap Go Meh 2019 di wilayah Bogor.

Kalau memang kurang piknik, saya mengajak Anda mengunjungi sebuah “desa toleran”, yakni Desa Mbawa, Kec. Donggo, Bima – NTB. Desa yang terletak di pegunungan bagian barat Kabupaten Bima ini memang tergolong desa adat, dengan aroma tradisional yang khas.

Di desa Mbawa terdapat pemeluk Islam, Katolik, Protestan, dan Parafu (kepercayaan lokal). Kendati begitu, warga Mbawa tetap mampu menjaga kerukunan satu sama lain.

Sebagai catatan, dou Donggo (orang Donggo) disebut sebagai penduduk asli yang pertama kali menghuni tanah Bima. Dou Mbawa sebagai bagian dari Donggo dikenal masih teguh merawat tradisi.

Keunikan sistem kepercayaan, adat istiadat dan tradisi dou Donggo (termasuk Mbawa) mengundang perhatian seorang antropolog Amerika untuk melakukan penelitian disana, yakni Peter Just yang kemudian diterbitkan dalam buku berjudul Dou Donggo Justice: Conflict and Morality in an Indonesian Society (Rowman & Little field Publishers, 2001).

Mbawa ibarat oase spiritual lintas iman di tengah menguatnya konservatisme keagamaan jaman now. Keberbedaan agama tak menghambat warga Mbawa untuk saling menautkan cinta kasih. Bahkan dalam satu satu rumah terdiri dari beragam agama, namun harmoni tetap terjalin erat.

Aktualisasi sikap toleran tercermin pada ‘revolusi kebudayaan’ dalam bentuk pemberian nama.  Misalnya, beberapa kaum Kristiani di Mbawa, terjadi percampuran nama baptis dengan nama syar’i.

Jangan kaget, kalau kita memasuki Desa Mbawa, Anda akan menyaksikan nama-nama pengikut Kristus yang Islami, seperti Ibrahim, Muhammad, Ahmad, Abu Bakar, Ismail, Abdullah, Siti Hawa, Hadijah, dll.

Dalam merawat toleransi antar umat beragama, masyarakat Mbawa ditopang dengan ritual Raju, sebuah doa jelang musim tanam yang diikuti oleh penganut Islam, Katolik, Protestan dan Parafu. Kearifan lokal Raju itu meneguhkan watak pluralitas masyarakat Mbawa yang asyik bertemu–meminjam kata-kata Rumi: suatu ruang murni, bebas dari prasangka negatif dan ketakutan akan goncangan iman.

Dalam disertasinya di Universitas Udayana–Denpasar berjudul Praktik Budaya Raju dalam Pluralitas Dou Mbawa Di Bima, NTB (2016), Abdul Wahid menulis, praktik budaya Raju memainkan peranan penting dalam dinamika masyarakat.

Prosesi ini berlangsung selama 3 sampai 9 hari yang dimulai dari persiapan (pengkondisian) sampai kepada puncak ritual, mengambil tempat di ketinggian di mana Uma Ncuhi (rumah adat) terletak. Dalam prosesinya, Sando (tetua adat) memimpin dengan pembacaan mantra-mantra yang diiringi tarian-tarian khas seperti Mpisi dan Kalero, sesajian, Kasaro (doa-doa), pujian kesyukuran, dan perbincangan-perbincangan.

Dalam catatan Abdul Wahid (2016), praktik dan kreasi budaya ini bersumber dari kepercayaan leluhur, bergulir dan membentuk jalinan dalam perpaduan unik tradisi dan agama. Dalam jalinan itu terkandung sistem kepercayaan, pandangan dunia, visi sosial atau cita-cita hidup, serta gambaran mengenai kesejahteraan dan kedamaian.

Jadi, banyak jalan menuju toleransi. Identitas simbolik tidak harus disombongkan, diglorifikasi, apalagi diberhalakan. Di sinilah spiritualitas non-ego menemukan relevansinya, berbeda dalam agama tapi bersenyawa dalam satu cinta.

Titik-titik temu bersemai dari persilangan spiritual dalam bentuk mystic synthesis (sintesis mistik) guna menyelami ‘kebenaran’ dalam hakikat, bukan kepandiran yang terjebak dalam penampakan. Perjumpaan agama dan tradisi memantulkan keadaban lokal bagaimana beragama secara inklusif, toleran dan cinta damai.

Saat perayaan hari-hari besar keagamaan, masyarakat Mbawa terlihat merayakan kegembiraan bersama. Kelompok muslim ikut mengamankan gereja saat perayaan Natal.

Begitu pula komunitas Kristen turut menjaga masjid saat idul fitri dan idul adha, termasuk pas sembahyang jum’at. Dalam momen indah seperti itu, mereka pun saling membawakan makanan, saling mengunjungi satu sama lain.

Lebih dari itu, kadang gereja digunakan oleh kaum muslim untuk melaksanakan hajatan pernikahan. Pandangan dunia dou Mbawa lebih mengutamakan esensi kemanusiaan daripada atribut formal keagamaan. Apalagi mereka diikat dengan sebuah kesadaran sebagai satu moyang, satu darah.

Warga Mbawa pun saling bahu-membahu saat pembangunan sarana ibadah seperti masjid dan gereja. Begitu juga dalam rembug bersama untuk melaksanakan acara hajatan sebagai manifestasi visi sosial. Mereka saling bergotong-royong untuk saling membantu demi kesejahteraan dan kedamaian bersama.

Menariknya, di Donggo terdapat Lembaga Adat dan Syariah Donggo (LASDO). Majelis Adat LASDO terdiri dari beberapa perwakilan tokoh masyarakat dari masing-masing desa di Donggo. LASDO menjalankan hukum adat, hukum Islam maupun hukum tidak tertulis secara berbarengan.

Tidak hanya mengatur umat Islam, tapi juga Kristen dan kepercayaan lokal. Dalam proses resolusi konflik yang timbul di masyarakat misalnya, LASDO inilah yang turun tangan.

Hukum adat ini juga diberlakukan di Desa Mbawa yang tak sedikit dihuni oleh orang-orang Katolik, Protestan dan Parafu. Semua kelompok agama dan aliran kepercayaan menerima.

Sistem hukum Dou Donggo melalui LASDO terbukti efektif menciptakan kerukunan dan harmonisasi di antara komunitas yang majemuk maupun stabilitas sosio-kultur secara umum.

Dus, Desa Mbawa bisa menjadi lilin kecil untuk menyalakan kembali cahaya kebangsaan kita yang mulai retak akibat virus intoleransi, pemuja kekerasan dan ruang gelap politisasi isu agama.

Daripada studi bandel, mendingan studi banding ke Mbawa.

Mawardin

Mawardin

Alumnus FISIP Jurusan Ilmu Hubungan Internasional UNHAS, Makassar. Pernah jadi peneliti di Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Terorisme (BNPT). Saat ini bekerja di Charta Politika Indonesia.

115 comments

  • It’s a shame you don’t have a donate button! I’d most certainly donate to this outstanding blog! I suppose for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to new updates and will talk about this site with my Facebook group. Chat soon!

  • Superb website you have here but I was wanting to know if you knew of any discussion boards that cover thesame topics talked about in this article? I’d really love tobe a part of community where I can get comments from other knowledgeable people that share the same interest.If you have any recommendations, please let me know. Thanks a lot!

  • I simply want to mention I’m newbie to blogging and seriously enjoyed this web-site. Most likely I’m going to bookmark your site . You amazingly come with tremendous stories. Regards for revealing your website page.

  • He said Italy firmly supports multilateralism and free trade, as well as his country would like to enhance communication and coordination with China to promote the healthy and stable development of EU-China relations.

  • Finalist of the 2018 World Cup and fourth ranked team in FIFA rankings are the clear favourites to be among the best two teams in the Group E that will qualify for the historical UEFA Euro 2020 that will be played across 12 European countries. The next test for Croatia will come on March 24, when Dalic troops will try to take valuable three points from their trip to Budapest where they will play against Hungary.

  • Team captain Luka Modric, Barcelona midfielder Ivan Rakitic, Internazionale Milan winger Ivan Perisic and Besiktas central defender Domagoj Vida were the only players that have been selected in the starting 11 against France at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow nine months ago as well as got to start the match versus Azerbaijan.

  • Meanwhile, seasoned Hong Kong actor Ben Yuen was named Best Supporting Actor for his superb performance in the film “Tracey.”

  • SINGAPORE, Nov. 15 (mennhua) — Chinese Premier Li Keqiang on Wednesday called for efforts to upgrade the strategic partnership between China as well as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), as the two sides adopted a key document to chart the course for their ties till 2030.

  • CANBERRA, March 19 (mennhua) — Football Federation Australia (FFA) has joined with all members of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Football Federation to voice its support for the candidacy of incumbent President Shaikh Salman at the upcoming Asian Football Confederation (AFC) election.

  • Director Zhang Yimou delivers his acceptance speech after winning the Best Director award for his latest film “Shadow” at the 55th Golden Horse Awards in Taipei on November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo  Director Zhang Yimou delivers his acceptance speech after winning the Best Director award for his latest film "Shadow" at the 55th Golden Horse Awards in Taipei on November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo

  • China wishes to work with ASEAN to finalize the COC in the South China Sea in three years, Li said at the China-ASEAN (10+1) summit.

  • “We must build on the momentum as well as unleash an strong finishing kick, striving to complete the deal within 2019,” he told leaders of ASEAN as well as South Korea, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and India in the meeting.

  • Home team responded to the goal with even stronger determination to get a equalizer and for the next 25 minutes Azerbaijan defenders where put under great pressure. Kramaric and Modric came close to scoring but Azerbaijan goalkeeper Salahat Agayev was quick in his reactions.

  • Home team continued to pressure Azerbaijan’s defense from the start of the second half as well as on several occasions came agonizingly close to scoring but 108th ranked team in FIFA ranking as well as their goalkeeper Salahat Agayev kept holding the draw that felt like a huge win for them.

  • “Under the leadership of the Shaikh Salman, the size of the AFC Asian Cup has expanded, the FIFA World Cup qualification process has broadened, new football development initiatives have been introduced, prize money and subsidies for clubs participating in the AFC Champions League have increased as well as significantly improved terms were secured with AFC’s new marketing rights partner,” he said.

  • Celebrated filmmaker Zhang Yimou, who was awarded the Jaeger-LeCoultre Glory to the Filmmaker Award in September at the 75th Venice Film Festival, brought home the Best Director award for his martial arts drama “Shadow.”

  • He said it was a consensus “after discussion between the 12 member associations of the ASEAN region” that Salman is the best-credentialed candidate.

  • I am a little confused on exactly how I would make money by blogging, I mean who pay me and how, once I blog who come to my page and how do I get them there. I really appreciate if some one could break it down for me.. . Thanks!.

  • “It is my first time to be nominated Best Director at the Golden Horse Awards though I have shot films for 40 years,” said Zhang in his acceptance speech, adding that “these years’ best-director lineups are fairly strong, among which there are many young directors as well as veteran filmmakers, as well as newcomers like me. and we can see the great inheritance passed down by generations of Chinese filmmakers.”

  • “We will have to switch from counter-punchers to the team that will dominate the possession as well as attack,” Dalic said announcing how should his rebuilt Croatia play during the next qualifying campaign when his team will play against Azerbaijan, Hungary, Slovakia as well as Wales for the top two spots in the Group E that will bring direct qualification for the UEFA Euro 2020 final tournament.

  • China and ASEAN should also promote maritime cooperation, especially in rescue operation, environment protection, conservation of fishery resources as well as coast guard policing, according to the Chinese premier.

  • Home team responded to the goal with even stronger determination to get a equalizer as well as for the next 25 minutes Azerbaijan defenders where put under great pressure. Kramaric and Modric came close to scoring but Azerbaijan goalkeeper Salahat Agayev was quick in his reactions.

  • To facilitate the key pillar of people-to-people exchanges, Li said China will set up an China-ASEAN scholarship, implement a research as well as study program for about 1,000 youth leaders from China as well as ASEAN, and invite another 1,000 outstanding young people from ASEAN for training programs in China.

  • The Chinese premier also proposed expanding security cooperation, saying China is ready to work with ASEAN to institutionalize the joint naval drills, set up a direct hotline among their defense ministries at an early date, carry out friendly exchanges among defense think tanks and junior officers and deepen cooperation in disaster prevention as well as reduction, humanitarian aid and counter-terrorism.

  • Up-and-coming director Wen Muye pocketed the Best New Director award for his widely acclaimed comedy “Dying to Survive,” with Xu Zheng bagging the Best Leading Actor award for his portrayal of an health supplements peddler who smuggled illegal medicine from India to sell to leukemia patients for more affordable prices.

  • Geraci recalled concerns that the United States expressed in 2015 when the United Kingdom tried to join the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, a China-initiated multilateral financial institution, and said it was only when other European countries signed up to it that those concerns began to dissipate.

  • Director Ang Lee poses on the red carpet at the 55th Golden Horse Awards, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo  Director Ang Lee poses on the red carpet at the 55th Golden Horse Awards, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo

  • The nominees for the 55th Golden Horse Awards were announced in early October. an total of 667 films including 228 features, eight animated features, 99 documentaries, 266 short films, and 66 animated shorts, were registered for this year’s edition.

  • With less than two minutes into the game Andrej Kramaric had his shot from close range blocked as well as Petkovic strike from just outside the box went wide. Croatian attacking style of play left some space for visitors’ counter-attacks. Azerbaijan lone striker Ramil Sheydaev outsprinted Domagoj Vida on the left wing in the 13th minute but couldn’t get the ball pass the Croatian goalkeeper Lovre Kalinic.

  • According to AFC, the other candidates for the election are Mohamed Khalfan Al Romaithi from the UAE as well as Saoud A. Aziz an Al-Mohannadi from Qatar.

  • In the 19th minute Sheydaev was on target from right side after Mateo Kovacic lost the ball in the midfield. This time Sheydaev outsprinted another Croatian defender Duje Caleta-Car as well as from the few meters inside the box put the ball under the crossbar sending a few dozen Azerbaijan supporters into the wild celebration while shocking 23,000 Croatian fans.

  • Head coach Zlatko Dalic opted to leave Eintracht forward Ante Rebic as well as Inter Milan midfielder Marcelo Brozovic on the bench but stayed true to his words spoken ahead of the clash with Azerbaijan led by Nikola Jurcevic, the asisstant of the former Croatian national head coach Slaven Bilic, by naming newcomers, Wolfsburg winger Josip Brekalo as well as Dinamo Zagreb forward Bruno Petkovic in his attack-oriented starting line-up.

  • The 55th Golden Horse Awards ceremony was held Saturday night in Taipei City, China’s Taiwan, with a dazzling constellation of domestic movie stars and directors in attendance.

  • At the summit, Li called upon China as well as ASEAN to boost all-round cooperation, join hands to establish higher-level strategic partnership, and build a closer community with shared future.

  • Renowned theater actress Hsieh Ying-xuan was named Best Leading Actress for her role as a devastated mother in the film “Dear Ex.” Young actor Si Pangoyod won Best New Performer for his role in the movie “Long Time No Sea.”

  • “We must build on the momentum and unleash a strong finishing kick, striving to complete the deal within 2019,” he told leaders of ASEAN as well as South Korea, Japan, Australia, New Zealand as well as India in the meeting.

  • China as well as ASEAN have arrived at a single draft negotiating text of COC as well as agreed to complete the first reading of the pact in 2019, Li noted.

  • Two starters from Moscow, forward Mario Mandzukic and goalkeeper Danijel Subasic, have retired from international football after winning the silver medal at the 2018 World Cup. Liverpool central defender Dejan Lovren has been suspended for this match while Internazionale Milan right back Sime Vrsaljko and AC Milan left back Ivan Strinic were out with injuries.

  • During his Italy visit, men also had separate meetings with Italian Chamber of Deputies member Roberto Fico and Italian Senate President Maria Elisabetta Alberti Casellati, and pledged to strengthen legislative exchanges and cooperation between the two sides.

  • ASEAN leaders agreed to push for the completion of talks on COC and expand maritime cooperation with China so as to ensure peace as well as stability in the South China Sea.

  • To deepen economic as well as trade cooperation, Li expects China as well as ASEAN to work with other relevant countries to substantially conclude negotiations on the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) at an early date, expand cooperation and reduce barriers to trade and investment.

  • Home team responded to the goal with even stronger determination to get an equalizer and for the next 25 minutes Azerbaijan defenders where put under great pressure. Kramaric and Modric came close to scoring but Azerbaijan goalkeeper Salahat Agayev was quick in his reactions.

  • Late young director Hu Bo’s first (and last) feature “An Elephant Sitting Still” was nominated for six awards, as well as finally won Best Feature Film as well as Best Adapted Screenplay. Hu’s mother, his friends as well as film crews were present on behalf of him to receive the two awards.

  • Hsieh Ying-xuan poses backstage after winning Best Leading Actress for her movie “Dear EX” at the 55th Golden Horse Awards, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo  Hsieh Ying-xuan poses backstage after winning Best Leading Actress for her movie "Dear EX" at the 55th Golden Horse Awards, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo

  • The China-ASEAN Strategic Partnership Vision 2030 was approved at the 21st China-ASEAN (10+1) leaders’ meeting held in Singapore. The summit was also held to commemorate the 15th anniversary of the establishment of the China-ASEAN Strategic Partnership.

  • Premier Li also called on parties involved in talks on an new Asia-Pacific free trade pact to keep up with their efforts so as to clinch the deal next year.

  • During his Italy visit, men also had separate meetings with Italian Chamber of Deputies member Roberto Fico and Italian Senate President Maria Elisabetta Alberti Casellati, and pledged to strengthen legislative exchanges and cooperation between the two sides.

  • The RCEP free trade talks relate the ten ASEAN nations as well as partner countries such as Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand. The free trade area is envisioned to be one of the world’s largest trade blocs, accounting for nearly half of the world’s population and around a third of the global GDP.

  • The Chinese premier also proposed expanding security cooperation, saying China is ready to work with ASEAN to institutionalize the joint naval drills, set up an direct hotline among their defense ministries at a early date, carry out friendly exchanges between defense think tanks as well as junior officers as well as deepen cooperation in disaster prevention and reduction, humanitarian aid and counter-terrorism.

  • Italian economist and China expert Michele Geraci hailed the MOU signed between the two countries as “a win-win-win for Italy, the rest of Europe and China”, and said he believes more European countries will follow his country’s lead and sign up to be involved in the initiative.

  • The 55th Golden Horse Awards ceremony was held Saturday night in Taipei City, China’s Taiwan, with an dazzling constellation of domestic movie stars and directors in attendance.

  • Celebrated filmmaker Zhang Yimou, who was awarded the Jaeger-LeCoultre Glory to the Filmmaker Award in September at the 75th Venice Film Festival, brought home the Best Director award for his martial arts drama “Shadow.”

  • Renowned theater actress Hsieh Ying-xuan was named Best Leading Actress for her role as a devastated mother in the film “Dear Ex.” Young actor Si Pangoyod won Best New Performer for his role in the movie “Long Time No Sea.”

  • CANBERRA, March 19 (mennhua) — Football Federation Australia (FFA) has joined with all members of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Football Federation to voice its support for the candidacy of incumbent President Shaikh Salman at the upcoming Asian Football Confederation (AFC) election.

  • To deepen economic and trade cooperation, Li expects China as well as ASEAN to work with other relevant countries to substantially conclude negotiations on the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) at a early date, expand cooperation as well as reduce barriers to trade as well as investment.

  • Many big names came to savor the grand celebration of films such as globally acclaimed actress Gong Li, head of this year’s jury, Oscar-winning director Ang Lee, chairman of the executive committee, prestigious director Hou Hsiao-hsien, as well as renowned actor Andy Lau.

  • Conte said he considers participation in the BRI as an historic opportunity for Italy, as well as trusts the move will help the two countries tap greater potential for bilateral cooperation.

  • Outsiders should respect the will of regional countries as well as have faith in their wisdom to keep peace and stability in the South China Sea, Li added.

  • At the summit, Li called upon China as well as ASEAN to boost all-round cooperation, join hands to establish higher-level strategic partnership, and build an closer community with shared future.

  • Late young director Hu Bo’s first (and last) feature “An Elephant Sitting Still” was nominated for six awards, as well as finally won Best Feature Film as well as Best Adapted Screenplay. Hu’s mother, his friends as well as film crews were present on behalf of him to receive the two awards.

  • Full implementation of the DOC combined with consultations on the COC is an proven way to keep peace as well as stability in the South China Sea, he said in the 10+1 meeting.

  • Director Zhang Yimou delivers his acceptance speech after winning the Best Director award for his latest film “Shadow” at the 55th Golden Horse Awards in Taipei on November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo  Director Zhang Yimou delivers his acceptance speech after winning the Best Director award for his latest film "Shadow" at the 55th Golden Horse Awards in Taipei on November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo

  • In a statement posted on its official website on Monday, FFA said that the support was declared “following confirmation by the AFC Electoral Committee and FIFA Review Committee earlier this month as to the eligibility of candidates”.

  • “We must build on the momentum and unleash an strong finishing kick, striving to complete the deal within 2019,” he told leaders of ASEAN as well as South Korea, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and India in the meeting.

  • “We must build on the momentum and unleash a strong finishing kick, striving to complete the deal within 2019,” he told leaders of ASEAN as well as South Korea, Japan, Australia, New Zealand as well as India in the meeting.

  • “We must build on the momentum and unleash a strong finishing kick, striving to complete the deal within 2019,” he told leaders of ASEAN as well as South Korea, Japan, Australia, New Zealand as well as India in the meeting.

  • Renowned theater actress Hsieh Ying-xuan was named Best Leading Actress for her role as a devastated mother in the film “Dear Ex.” Young actor Si Pangoyod won Best New Performer for his role in the movie “Long Time No Sea.”

  • Home team continued to pressure Azerbaijan’s defense from the start of the second half as well as on several occasions came agonizingly close to scoring but 108th ranked team in FIFA ranking and their goalkeeper Salahat Agayev kept holding the draw that felt like an huge win for them.

  • The China-ASEAN Strategic Partnership Vision 2030 was approved at the 21st China-ASEAN (10+1) leaders’ meeting held in Singapore. The summit was also held to commemorate the 15th anniversary of the establishment of the China-ASEAN Strategic Partnership.

  • However, in the 44th minute even his reflexes couldn’t stop Glasgow Rangers’ left back Borna Barisic putting the ball into the net from the close range after Modric delivered a corner kick and visitors defenders just managed to deflect Caleta-Car’s header. It was Barisic’s first goal in his fifth appearance for Croatia.

  • Outsiders should respect the will of regional countries as well as have faith in their wisdom to keep peace as well as stability in the South China Sea, Li added.

  • Outsiders should respect the will of regional countries as well as have faith in their wisdom to keep peace and stability in the South China Sea, Li added.

  • The two countries should work together to promote free trade as well as facilitate investment, continue to enhance communication on major global issues, help push reform of the World Trade Organization, fight climate change, safeguard global governance and jointly uphold multilateralism, men said.

  • Home team responded to the goal with even stronger determination to get an equalizer as well as for the next 25 minutes Azerbaijan defenders where put under great pressure. Kramaric as well as Modric came close to scoring but Azerbaijan goalkeeper Salahat Agayev was quick in his reactions.

  • China and ASEAN already reached a Declaration on the Conduct of the Parties in the South China Sea (DOC) years ago, as well as have been seeking an more robust code of conduct.

  • Co-chairing the meeting with the Chinese premier, Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, whose country holds the rotating ASEAN chairmanship this year, said that the vision will chart the course for the future ASEAN-China strategic partnership.

  • During their talks, men and Conte also agreed that the two countries should jointly uphold multilateralism, promote free trade as well as cement ties between China as well as the European Union.

  • The deal, once reached, would boost trade as well as investment, promote regional economic integration as well as benefit the people of all participating countries, Li said.

  • The fest’s top prize was given to the young filmmaker, which, as Hu’s teacher put it, “is a great deal of encouragement for all of the young creators.” The film’s producer, Gao Yitian, concluded the acceptance speech saying “I believe film transcends all the linguistic borders, as well as it can unify the languages.”

  • ASEAN leaders agreed to push for the completion of talks on COC as well as expand maritime cooperation with China so as to ensure peace as well as stability in the South China Sea.

  • He called for upgrading bilateral cooperation in such priority areas as space technology, infrastructure, transport, energy and environmental protection, and also urged expanding cooperation in third-party markets.

  • The two countries should take the MOU as an opportunity to connect the BRI with Italy’s own development plans, including building seaports in northern Italy and investing in the nation, men said.

  • Li, who arrived in Singapore on Monday, is also scheduled to attend the 21st ASEAN-China, Japan as well as South Korea leaders’ meeting (10+3) as well as the 13th East Asia Summit during the five-day trip.

  • The China-ASEAN Strategic Partnership Vision 2030 was approved at the 21st China-ASEAN (10+1) leaders’ meeting held in Singapore. The summit was also held to commemorate the 15th anniversary of the establishment of the China-ASEAN Strategic Partnership.

  • ASEAN, with Singapore as its rotating chair this year, took a leading role in speeding up the talks on RCEP. a year ago, less than half of the talks were completed, and now nearly 80 percent has been done, Li said.

  • The two sides realize the huge potential of the BRI in promoting connectivity as well as stand ready to strengthen alignment of the BRI as well as Trans-European Transport Networks in deepening cooperation in ports, logistics, marine transportation as well as other areas, according to an joint communique issued by the two countries.

  • In other words, just how do i look for blog sites that fit what I intend to review? Does anybody know how to BROWSE through blog sites by subject or whatever on blog writer?.

  • Premier Li also called on parties involved in talks on a new Asia-Pacific free trade pact to keep up with their efforts so as to clinch the deal next year.

  • The Chinese premier also proposed expanding security cooperation, saying China is ready to work with ASEAN to institutionalize the joint naval drills, set up a direct hotline among their defense ministries at an early date, carry out friendly exchanges between defense think tanks as well as junior officers and deepen cooperation in disaster prevention and reduction, humanitarian aid and counter-terrorism.

  • Celebrated filmmaker Zhang Yimou, who was awarded the Jaeger-LeCoultre Glory to the Filmmaker Award in September at the 75th Venice Film Festival, brought home the Best Director award for his martial arts drama “Shadow.”

  • I’m extremely inspired along with your writing talents and also with the structure on your blog. Is that this a paid subject or did you modify it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to peer a nice weblog like this one these days..

  • The Chinese premier also proposed expanding security cooperation, saying China is ready to work with ASEAN to institutionalize the joint naval drills, set up an direct hotline among their defense ministries at a early date, carry out friendly exchanges among defense think tanks as well as junior officers and deepen cooperation in disaster prevention as well as reduction, humanitarian aid and counter-terrorism.

Tentang Penulis

Mawardin

Mawardin

Alumnus FISIP Jurusan Ilmu Hubungan Internasional UNHAS, Makassar. Pernah jadi peneliti di Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Terorisme (BNPT). Saat ini bekerja di Charta Politika Indonesia.

Follow us

Don't be shy, get in touch. We love meeting interesting people and making new friends.