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Panggung Komedi dan Kecelakaan Berbahasa Kita

Joshua
Ilustrasi (Sumber foto: sidomi.com)

SATU-satunya makhluk di dunia ini yang dianugerahi Tuhan dengan kemampuan berbahasa adalah manusia. Manusialah yang Tuhan percaya untuk memberikan tafsiran terhadap tanda-tanda alam, fenomena sosial, dan apa saja yang terjadi di alam semesta ini. Tafsiran itu disampaikan manusia melalui kemampuannya berbahasa (homo lingua).

Lalu apa yang terjadi jika manusia tidak lekas pandai berbahasa. Di era serba terbuka dan sangat “bebas” ini, kita bisa menemukan perang bahasa terjadi di mana-mana. Sungguh, ini terjadi di mana-mana.

Baru-baru ini, netizen dibuat nyinyir kembali setelah video Ge Pamungkas di panggung stand up comedy dianggap menghina Islam. Komika yang telah membintangi beberapa judul film itu dianggap telah menyinggung SARA saat tengah mempromosikan film yang dibintanginya beberapa waktu lalu.

Berikut kutipan ucapan Ge Pamungkas yang kemudian menjadi kontroversi.

“Dulu nih, Jakarta banjir. Apa coba itu, weh, netizen itu, ini gara-gara Ahok. Giliran banjir yang terjadi saat ini, ini adalah cobaan dari Allah”.

Ge kemudian melanjutkan, “sesungguhnya Allah memberikan cobaan terhadap hamba yang dicintai-Nya. Cinta apaan?”.

Video ucapannya ini kemudian beredar di jagat maya. Mengundang komentar pedas dari para netizen. Ge Pamungkas bukanlah yang pertama, kita ketahui sudah banyak kasus serupa terjadi. Penyebabnya adalah bahasa.

Ada beberapa nama yang  muncul dan pernah dituding menghina atau melecehkan agama. Pertama, kita pasti sudah sangat mengetahui kasus yang terjadi pada mantan Gubernur Jakarta, Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (Ahok).

Ahok dianggap menistakan agama Islam dengan mengutip ayat suci Al-Qur’an. Kutipan tersebut digunakan Ahok untuk menjelaskan tafsiran ayat Al-Qur’an yang selama ini sering membuat banyak orang keliru. Yakni, perihal memilih pemimpin yang non muslim.

Kedua, Jonas Rivanno. Dalam sebuah wawancara Jonas memberikan pengakuan mengejutkan yakni tak pernah masuk Islam. Padahal sebelumnya diketahui, Jonas telah menikah dengan Asmirandah secara hukum Islam dan telah mengucapkan dua kalimat syahadat.

Ketiga, Ernest Prakasa. Komedian yang terjun ke dunia film ini menuliskan sebuah cuitan tentang Zakir Naik. Seorang pendakwah asal India yang saat itu berkunjung ke kediaman Jusuf Kalla, Sabtu (4/3/2017). Ernest mengatakan jika Zakir Naik adalah salah seorang yang mendanai ISIS. Perkataannya ini menuai hujatan dan akhirnya diminta untuk meminta maaf.

Terakhir nama Joshua Herman menjadi buah bibir, juga karena materi lawakannya di panggung komedi. Penyanyi cilik era 90-an ini juga mendapatkan komentar pedas dari netizen setelah membawakan stand up comedy. Kalimat Joshua yang kemudian menjadi kontroversi itu adalah:

“Semuanya Anisa, Anisa, Anisa ya kan? Padahal skill-nya tipis-tipis, nyanyi tipis, nge-dance tipis, cantik relatif, ya kan?. Gue mikir kenapa Anisa selalu unggul dari pada Cheryl, ah sekarang gue ketemu jawabannya. Makanya Che, Islam”.

Joshua pun kembali melanjutkan pembicaraannya.

“Karena di Indonesia ini ada satu hal yang dengan hal sebesar apapun, mayoritas,” tuturnya.

***

Bahasa telah menjadi alat yang digunakan manusia mulai dari zaman yang sangat purba hingga zaman peradaban teknologi dan informasi saat ini. Indonesia memiliki banyak sekali jenis bahasa, tapi kita dipertemukan oleh satu bahasa, yakni bahasa Ibu: Bahasa Indonesia.

Di era yang serba bebas, tantangan terbesar sebenarnya adalah membendung kebebasan itu sendiri. Bagaimana masyarakat menunaikan laku berbahasanya dengan baik dan benar. Karena hanya dengan bahasalah informasi akan tersampaikan.

Lalu apa jadinya jika kebahasaan kita mengalami kecacatan?

Ruang-ruang kebebasan itu harus dimengerti oleh kita semua, meski setiap orang memiliki panggungnya sendiri. Agar kecelakaan berbahasa yang dialami oleh Ge Pamungkas begitupun dengan Joshua tidak melulu menjadi fenomena yang terus berulang.

Kita mengerti jika panggung komika berusaha menawarkan humor kata-kata yang tidak picisan. Para komika butuh keluwesan dalam mengolah bahannya di atas panggung dengan menghadirkan satire agar pesannya dapat tersampaikan. Namun, sekali lagi ini adalah panggung terbuka dan penuh dengan ikatan.

Ge Pamungkas dan kita semua harus sadar ruang dan berhati-hati dalam mengelola bahasa. Agar tidak terpeleset ataupun mengalami kecelakaan berbahasa.

Penonton ataupun netizen pun harus lebih pengertian. Komik memang dunia sindiran namun sekarang berhadapan dengan “pasar bebas suara” yang sebenarnya sekedar menyimpan sampah kata-kata. Jika hal ini terjadi pada politisi, Kyai Saleh, dan kandidat Gubernur Sulsel, ceritanya pasti tidak akan sampai di sini saja.

Jika ingin lebih adil,  sebenarnya kita sudah terlalu lama mengalami kecelakaan berbahasa. Ibarat tubuh,  mungkin tubuh kita sudah luka dimana-mana bahkan sudah mengalami benturan yang mengakibatkan luka dalam.

Salah satu contoh kesalahan terbesar kebahasaan kita hari ini adalah pendefinisian kata “ateis”. Menurut Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) ateis adalah orang yang tidak percaya akan adanya Tuhan. Bandingkan dengan definisi yang ditawarkan oleh Oxford Learners Pocket Dictionary. Atheism adalah “belief there is no God” atau ateis adalah percaya bahwa tidak ada Tuhan.

Keduanya memiliki kata yang sama, namun dalam pemaknaannya kita bisa melihat jelas yang mana bahasa yang disusun secara serampangan dan yang mana yang disusun dengan sungguh-sungguh. Jika seorang ateis didefinisikan sebagai orang yang tidak percaya Tuhan bisa dimengerti jika orang tersebut sejak awal tidak percaya pada Tuhan.

Namun jika definisi ateis adalah percaya jika tidak ada Tuhan berarti ada sebuah proses pencarian di dalamnya untuk menemukan Sang Pencipta.

Kosakata ateis hanyalah satu dari mungkin ratusan atau ribuan kata yang didefinisikan dengan amat fatal. Mungkin, salah satu ikhtiar menjadi manusia  adalah memperbaiki kebahasaan kita.

Ais Nurbiyah Al-Jum’ah

Ukhti Garis Seberang.

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Ais Nurbiyah Al-Jum’ah

Ukhti Garis Seberang.

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