Locita

Lawan Penyebar Hoax dengan Cinta, dan Denda Tujuh Miliar

UPAYA pemerintah untuk membendung penyebaran hoax dengan aturan yang ada patut diapresiasi. Namun, hal itu serasa kurang. Ada saja kabar-kabar hoax yang bermunculan dan sangat mengkhawatirkan kita sebagai bangsa. Celakanya, pemerintah sibuk menangkapi masyarakat yang menjadi pelaku, negara lupa bahwa ada platform yang harus diseret pula untuk bertanggungjawab, seperti yang diterapkan Jerman dan Prancis.

                                                             ***

Lampu jalan tampak temaram di jalan Pegangsaan Barat, Jakarta. Hanya sesekali kendaraan mobil dan motor lalu lalang. Jalan beraspal yang terletak di dekat stasiun Cikini ini seolah mematung sepi. Di bahu jalan, lelaki paruh baya dengan gerobak nasinya menggumam seorang diri. Bunyi pletok terdengar beberapa kali, ia mengaduk wajan yang kosong.

Sambil mengamati lokasi sekitar, saya melangkah masuk ke halaman gedung DPD Golkar yang berada di sisi barat jalan ini. Gedung berlantai dua itu berbentuk segi empat, letaknya sekitar 200 meter dari stasiun Cikini. Jarum jam menunjukkan pukul 19.00 WIB ketika puluhan orang, mulai memasuki halaman gedung yang didominasi cat berwarna putih, serta dipenuhi tanaman merambat berwarna kuning. Lampu kuning yang berpendar dari dalam menambah kepercayaan bahwa gedung ini milik Partai Beringin.

Malam itu, Rabu (28/2/2018) akan ada acara di di lantai dasar. Sebuah disusi mengenai persoalan bangsa, persoalan yang kian menjadi-jadi ketika di muka musim kampanye.

Penyelenggara acara ialah sebuah lembaga yang konsen pada masalah-masalah anak muda. Kebetulan saya diundang hadir oleh seorang kawan. Saya datang karena merasa tertarik dengan temanya, tema ini pas di tengah penangkapan beberapa orang di Bandung akibat akun-akun penyebar hoax. Mereka membuat kabar tentang ulama diserang PKI atau pemerintah benci islam hingga memprovokasi muslim untuk anarkis.

Setidaknya polisi sudah mengamankan 18 pelaku kemarin, tak hanya di Bandung, adapula di Garut dan beberapa daerah lain. Kekhawatiran kita terhadap hoax memang wajar, sebab mendekati tahun politik 2019, produksi konten mulai dari berita bohong sampai ujaran kebencian akan memenuhi ruang berita kita.

Kembali ke acara ini, tema diskusinya cukup ringan yakni Membendung Hoax dengan Cinta. Menghadirkan Kepala Badan Siber dan Sandi Negara Djoko Setiadi, Alhe Laitte dari Locita.co, dan Nuran Wibisono, jurnalis tirto.id.

Di muka acara seorang perwakilan dari lembaga berpidato bahwa acara ini diselenggarakan untuk mengantisipasipasi merebaknya kabar hoax di Tanah Air yang membuat sebagian pemuda Indonesia turut terlibat bahkan menjadi produsen. Katanya talk show ini sesuai visi mereka untuk melawan hoax tanpa kekerasan.

“Kekhawatiran kita terhadap hoax memang wajar, sebab mendekati tahun politik 2019, produksi konten mulai dari berita bohong sampai ujaran kebencian akan memenuhi ruang berita kita.”

Facebook Bisa Dituntut

Selanjutnya, acara ini untuk memberi masukan kepada pemerintah melalui Badan Siber dan Sandi Negara untuk membendung hoax. Ketua lembaga yang baru dibentuk itu juga turut hadir.

Djoko Setiadi yang mengenakan batik coklat malam itu mengamini permintaan sang penyelenggara acara. Djoko mengatakan bahwa peserta diskusi bisa memberi masukan kepadanya. Ia lantas melanjutkan betapa bahayanya hoax hingga diperlukan kontribusi dari semua elemen bangsa karena berpotensi memecah belah.

Ia mencontohkan misalnya, hate speech kepada pemuaka agama tertentu yang membuat kelompok pro daan kontra saling berhadap-hadapan tidak hanya di dunia maya.

Namun, jawabannya atas pertanyaan saya membuat kecewa, sampai saat ini pemerintah belum bisa memberi sanksi kepada perusahaan media sosial yang menjadi medium hoax beredar, seperti Facebook dan Twitter.

Padahal di Jerman sanksi terhadap Facebook telah mulai diterapkan. Terhadap satu item berita hoax, perusahaan milik Mark Zuckerberg ini akan didenda Rp7 miliar. Di Prancis mereka menemukan cara menangkal hoax jelang pilpres tahun lalu, Perusahaan Facebook dan Google diminta bergabung dengan organisasi pers di Prancis. Lantas mereka meluncurkan alat pemeriksa fakta untuk membasmi berita bohong.

Dilansir Reuters, Facebook bekerja sama dengan delapan agensi berita Prancis. Media tersebut di antaranya ialah Agence France-Presse (AFP), saluran berita BFM TV, serta surat kabar L’Express dan Le Monde. Mereka akan memperkecil risiko munculnya berita bohong.

Nantinya, para pengguna tinggal menandai berita yang diduga sebagai berita bohong. Setelah itu, fakta dari artikel akan diperiksa oleh organisasi mitra yang tergabung dan diberikan tanda.

Facebook juga mendukung cara berbeda yang diluncurkan oleh Google yang disebut “CrossCheck”. Kita bisa mengirimkan link situs agar konten di dalamnya dapat diselidiki. Sudah sebanyak 17 kantor berita yang bergabung dalam proyek ini. Di dalamnya termasuk AFP dan masyarakat penyiar televisi nasional Prancis.

“Nantinya, para pengguna tinggal menandai berita yang diduga sebagai berita bohong. Setelah itu, fakta dari artikel akan diperiksa oleh organisasi mitra yang tergabung dan diberikan tanda.”

Djoko hanya memberi beberapa tips untuk menghindar menjadi korban hoax dengan saring sebelum sharing. Setiap kabar harus diklarifikasi ke beberapa media lain, kemudian Nuran yang merupakan jurnalis bidang musik dan film di Tirto.id mengatakan bahwa di dunia hiburan seperti hasil risetnya, sudah sejak lama hoax terjadi, tak hanya artis dalam negeri, paling sering ialah artis dari luar, khususnya tentang kematian.

Alhe dari Locita menyampaikan pandangannya sebagai anak muda, agar pikirannya tetap positif maka selalu menggunakan mekanisme cek dan ricek terhadap setiap kabar. Menurutnya saat ini sangat banyak opsi untuk mengklarifikasi kebenaran sebuah berita di medsos misalnya, dengan mencari gambar yang diragukan kebenarannya di Google Image.

Aco Pamatte

Penyintas yang menyukai kecap dan literasi.

63 comments

  • I simply want to mention I’m very new to blogs and certainly savored you’re blog site. More than likely I’m planning to bookmark your blog post . You absolutely have terrific articles and reviews. Thanks for sharing with us your web site.

  • This is really attractive, You’re a really experienced writer. I’ve enrolled with your feed plus expect enjoying your astounding write-ups. Moreover, I’ve got shared your blog inside our myspace.

  • Woah! I’m really enjoying the template/theme of this website. It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s very difficult to get that “perfect balance” between user friendliness and visual appeal. I must say you have done a awesome job with this. In addition, the blog loads super quick for me on Chrome. Outstanding Blog!

  • Thanks for sharing superb informations. Your web-site is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you have on this web site. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for extra articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found simply the info I already searched all over the place and just could not come across. What an ideal site.

  • Simply just how does one generate income from blogs? Just how does one begin it or go about it? Is there a certain means to do it? Simply just how does one earn money from blog sites to begin with? Where does one get going in this? Do you need to market and also utilize your credit card? Are there any type of specific kinds of regulations you have to adhere to? Do you have to establish the blog up on your own or exist ones that assist you set up it up? Exactly how do you obtain advertisers on your blog site? Are individuals restricted to the number of blog sites online? How usually do you get paid?. Thanks for the aid!.

  • Someone claimed that you had to get a domain name, or your blog sites weren’t seen by everyone, is that true? Do you understand what a domain is? OTHERWISE do not address please.

  • Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your post seem to be running off the screen in Firefox. I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let you know. The style and design look great though! Hope you get the problem solved soon. Thanks

  • I was curious if you ever thought of changing the layout of your website? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or two images. Maybe you could space it out better?

  • Thank you, I have just been looking for information about this subject for ages and yours is the best I’ve discovered so far. But, what about the bottom line? Are you sure about the source?

  • Hey. Very cool web site!! Man .. Excellent .. Superb .. I’ll bookmark your web site and take the feeds additionally…I’m happy to locate a lot of useful information here in the article. Thanks for sharing.

  • After study a few of the websites for your internet site now, and I genuinely as if your technique for blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark internet site list and will be checking back soon. Pls look at my website likewise and let me know what you think.

  • I am continually amazed by the amount of information available on this subject. What you presented was well researched and well worded in order to get your stand on this across to all your readers.

  • Hi there, of course this post is really pleasant
    and I have learned lot of things from it on the topic of blogging.
    thanks.

  • What i don’t realize is actually how you’re not really much more well-liked than you may be right now. You’re so intelligent. You realize therefore significantly relating to this subject, made me personally consider it from numerous varied angles. Its like men and women aren’t fascinated unless it’s one thing to do with Lady gaga! Your own stuffs nice. Always maintain it up!

  • Hi there! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new iphone! Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all your posts! Keep up the superb work!

  • Hey there would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m looking to start my own blog soon but I’m having a difficult time choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique.

    P.S My apologies for being off-topic but I had to ask!

  • We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our
    community. Your web site offered us with valuable information to work
    on. You’ve done an impressive job and our whole community will be
    thankful to you.

  • I think that is among the most vital info for me.
    And i’m glad reading your article. But should remark on some general issues, The
    website style is great, the articles is really excellent : D.
    Just right activity, cheers

  • Can I simply say what a relief to seek out somebody who actually knows what theyre speaking about on the internet. You definitely know the way to bring a problem to mild and make it important. More folks have to read this and understand this aspect of the story. I cant believe youre no more common since you positively have the gift.

  • Do you blog? Do you blog to promote things you are marketing? I am rather new to the blog writing world. I mostly blog to advertise products that I am marketing as well as web sites that I am offering on. How do I obtain web traffic to my blog site? Do I generally just need to add content? Does my blog obtain grabbed in the search? Any type of recommendations on blog writing is quite needed. Hey there, yes I state it on my twitter account as well as likewise my other web-sites.

  • We are a gaggle of volunteers and opening a brand new scheme
    in our community. Your website provided us with helpful info to
    work on. You have performed a formidable task and our entire group will likely be thankful to you.

  • It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy.
    I’ve learn this put up and if I could I wish to recommend you some attention-grabbing issues or
    advice. Maybe you can write next articles regarding this article.
    I desire to learn even more issues approximately it!

  • I would really love to make a blog however. I’m unsure what sort of blogs get one of the most traffic? What type of blogs do you browse? I mainly surf image blogs and fashion blogs. Simply obtaining a survey below many thanks!.

  • Great work! This is the kind of information that are supposed to be shared around the web. Shame on Google for no longer positioning this publish higher! Come on over and seek advice from my web site . Thank you =)

  • I haven’t checked in here for some time since I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are good quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  • Hello! This is kind of off topic but I need some guidance from an established blog. Is it very hard to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast. I’m thinking about making my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have any tips or suggestions? Cheers

  • Do you blog? Do you blog to promote products you are marketing? I am instead brand-new to the blogging globe. I mostly blog site to market products that I am marketing as well as internet sites that I am marketing on. Just how do I obtain website traffic to my blog? Do I basically simply need to include material? Does my blog obtain grabbed in the search? Any kind of advice on blog writing is very much needed. Hello there, yes I state it on my twitter account and likewise my other web-sites.

  • Simply exactly how does one make money from blog sites? Just how does one begin it or deal with it? Exists a details method to do it? Just exactly how does one generate income from blogs to begin with? Where does one get started in this? Do you have to market and use your charge card? Are there any kind of certain type of policies you need to follow? Do you have to establish the blog site up yourself or are there ones that help you set up it up? How do you obtain marketers on your blog? Are individuals limited to the variety of blogs online? How often do you earn money?. Many thanks for the help!.

  • You’re so awesome! I do not suppose I’ve truly read something like that before.
    So nice to find another person with some genuine thoughts on this subject.
    Really.. thanks for starting this up. This site is one thing that
    is required on the web, someone with a little originality!

  • Hey there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after reading through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely glad I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back frequently!

  • I admire the dear knowledge you offer in your articles. I will bookmark your weblog and have my kids test up right here generally. I am reasonably positive they will learn numerous new stuff here than anyone else!

  • Unquestionably believe that which you said. Your favorite reason seemed to be on the net the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they plainly do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people can take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  • Wow! This could be one of the most useful blogs we have ever come across on thesubject. Actually excellent info! I’m also an expert in this topic so I can understand your effort.

Tentang Penulis

Aco Pamatte

Penyintas yang menyukai kecap dan literasi.

Follow us

Don't be shy, get in touch. We love meeting interesting people and making new friends.