Pengakuan Bill Gates Tentang Kesalahan Terbesar dalam Karirnya

San Francisco (CNN Business) — Bill Gates memiliki riwayat karir tersukses, tetapi ia menyebutkan kegagalan Microsoft untuk menjadi rival utama iOS Apple adalah “kesalahan terbesar”-nya.

Sang pendiri Microsoft membuat pengakuan tersebut dua kali dalam wawancara baru-baru ini, ketika membahas bagaimana Microsoft kalah dari Google dalam meluncurkan sistem operasi mobile untuk menyaingi Apple iOS.

“Di dunia peranti lunak, terutama untuk platform, ini adalah pasar dimana pemenang yang berkuasa, ” kata Gates dalam wawancara dengan perusahaan modal ventura Village Global. ” Jadi kesalahan terbesar yang pernah terjadi adalah kesalahan manajemen yang saya lakukan yang menyebabkan Microsoft tidak menjadi sebagaimana Android saat ini. Android adalah platform standar untuk ponsel non-Apple. … Dan hanya ada ruang untuk satu sistem operasi non-Apple.”

Selama bertahun-tahun, Microsoft (MSFT) adalah pemimpin dalam industri komputer, mengalahkan Apple, tetapi gagal berkembang cukup cepat di era smartphone. Microsoft meluncurkan sistem operasi ponselnya sendiri, Windows Mobile, pada tahun 2000. Apple memulai debut iPhone-nya pada tahun 2007, diikuti oleh platform Android Google pada tahun 2008. Walaupun Microsoft memiliki sistem operasi ponsel pertama, ia dengan cepat jauh tertinggal di belakang Apple (AAPL) dan Google (GOOG).

Dalam sebuah wawancara di Economic Club di Washington, DC, Gates mengatakan persidangan antimonopoli yang dihadapinya saat itu juga merupakan sebuah gangguan besar. Dia juga mengatakan perusahaannya gagal dalam hal penugasan staf dalam pengembangan ponsel.

“Kami tahu ponsel akan menjadi sangat populer sehingga kami membuat Windows Mobile. Kami rindu menjadi dominan dalam sistem operasi seluler dengan jumlah yang sangat kecil,” katanya di acara tersebut. “Kami teralihkan selama persidangan antimonopoli kami. Kami tidak menugaskan orang-orang terbaik untuk melakukan pekerjaan tersebut. Jadi itu adalah kesalahan terbesar yang saya buat dalam suatu hal yang jelas-jelas keahlian kami. Jelas-jelas kamilah perusahaan yang seharusnya mencapai itu – dan kami tidak melakukannya. ”

Pengadilan antitrust adalah hasil dari tuntutan hukum yang diajukan oleh Departemen Kehakiman AS, 20 negara bagian, dan District of Columbia menuduh Microsoft melakukan praktik ilegal, anti-kompetitif, dan eksklusif.

Dalam wawancara Village Global, Gates mengatakan salah langkah tersebut berpotensi merugikan perusahaan miliaran dolar yang pada akhirnya pergi ke Google. Android adalah platform smartphone paling populer di AS. Pada paruh pertama 2018, lebih dari 85% dari semua ponsel pintar yang terjual di dunia memiliki sistem operasi Android, menurut data dari Statista.

“Aset kami yang lain seperti Windows dan Office masih sangat kuat, jadi kami tetap sebuah perusahaan terkemuka,” kata Gates dalam wawancara. “Jika saja kami juga berhasil dalam sistem operasi ponsel, kita pasti akan menjadi perusahaan paling terdepan. Tapi, ya sudah lah.”

Tapi ini bukan satu-satunya penyesalan Gates. Pada 2017, ia meminta maaf atas kecacatan fungsi Control-Alt-Delete yang awalnya digunakan untuk mengakses komputer Windows memerlukan lebih dari satu tombol.

Salah langkah lainnya termasuk Windows Vista – salah satu versi Windows yang paling tidak disukai – dan Windows ME, yang sangat dikritik karena rentan bug. Pemutar musik Zune juga merupakan kegagalan besar. CEO Microsoft Steve Ballmer dulunya dikenal karena menyebut iPhone sebagai “telepon paling mahal di dunia, dan tidak menarik bagi pelanggan karena tidak memiliki keyboard.”

Gates, seorang pengguna ponsel Android, pensiun dari pekerjaan sehari-hari di Microsoft pada Juni 2008 dan mengundurkan diri sebagai ketua dewan Microsoft pada Februari 2014.


Diterjemahkah dari “Bill Gates reveals the biggest mistake of his career” Oleh Ahiza Garcia, CNN. 24 Juni 2019




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