Locita

Sudah Saatnya Sulsel Memiliki Visi kepemudaan.

Ilustrasi: Luki Ahmadi Hari Wardoyo

Beberapa hari yang lalu, saya memutuskan untuk mengunduh dokumen visi misi pasangan calon gubernur dan wakil gubernur Sulawesi Selatan. Keisengan ini bermula saat saya menyaksikan debat kusir antar pendukung di warung kopi. Seperti debat politik pada umumnya, momen ini juga berakhir antiklimaks. Pokoknya, kandidat masing-masing yang paling benar.

Praktis tidak ada hal substansial yang mengubah pendirian saya untuk tetap golput pada pilkada kali ini. Sampai akhirnya saya penasaran tentang arah kebijakan yang diusung oleh tiap kandidat.

Rasa penasaran saya pun terbayar lunas setelah menemukan hal yang menarik. Diluar dugaan saya, salah satu pasangan calon gubernur dan wakil gubernur mencantumkan secara eksplisit aspek kepemudaaan sebagai salah satu program prioritas.

Pembangunan Kepemudaan Melalui Pengembangan Pemberdayaan dan Kemandirian Pemuda Khususnya di bidang Olahraga, Seni dan Industri Kreatif”. Demikian salah satu poin penting yang diusung oleh pasangan Nurdin Abdullah dan Andi Sudirman Sulaiman (Prof Andalan).

Meskipun saya agak kecewa karena “kabar gembira” ini tidak diulas lengkap saat debat kandidat, namun political will semacam ini layak mendapatkan apresiasi. Keringnya diskursus pembangunan daerah kita dengan tema-tema kepemudaan tentu menjadi problematika tersendiri menjelang pilkada.

Permasalahan ini sering diperparah oleh kebiasaan para calon pejabat daerah kita yang gemar mengumbar optimisme tentang bonus demografi di ruang publik. Tidak sedikit pula desain kampanye yang  dikemas sekreatif mungkin hanya untuk menarik simpati pemilih pemula. Ketika ditelisik lebih jauh, tidak ada satupun janji politiknya yang mengetengahkan komitmen atas isu kepemudaan.

Padahal beberapa literatur akademik jelas menekankan bahwa bahwa prasyarat untuk mencapai bonus demografi ini adalah investasi sumberdaya manusia terutama untuk kelompok anak muda (15-24 tahun) yang akan memasuki lapangan kerja.

Pelajaran berharga dapat kita petik dari pengalaman Korea Selatan dan Tunisia. Di atas kertas, kedua negara ini memiliki potensi yang sama untuk memperoleh bonus demografi. Besarnya porsi angkatan kerja yang mereka miliki menghantarkan kedua negara tersebut di gerbang window of opportunity. Baik Korea Selatan dan Tunisia, mengalami peningkatan proporsi penduduk produktif (usia 15-64 tahun) dari yang semula hanya 50% pada akhir 1960 menjadi 70% pada tahun 2015.

Sebagaimana yang kita tahu bersama, Korea Selatan berhasil mengukuhkan dirinya menjadi salah satu pusat pertumbuhan ekonomi baru dunia. Melalui kampanye hallyu (Korean wave), negeri gingseng ini berhasil melakukan ekspansi besar-besaran melalui industri budaya dan teknologi. Mereka berhasil melepaskan diri dari tekanan krisis ekonomi dan mencatat  pertumbuhan ekonomi yang cukup gemilang dengan peningkatan Gross Domestic Product (GDP) 12 kali lipat sejak tahun 1980 sampai 2010.

Lain halnya dengan Tunisia. Perekonomian negara ini hanya bertumbuh 3 kali lipat pada rentang waktu yang sama. Negara ini bahkan dilanda guncangan politik akibat protes dari kaum muda yang marah atas situasi ekonomi yang terjadi. Prahara ini bahkan menjalar ke negara lain di kawasan Timur Tengah dan Afrika Utara yang kemudian dikenal sebagai fenomena Arab Spring.

Jika keduanya sama-sama memiliki porsi angkatan kerja yang besar mengapa hasilnya justru berbeda?. Faktor apa yang menjadi penentu perbedaan tersebut?.

Laporan dari Population Division United Nation menggarisbawahi bahwa kapasitas negara dalam menciptakan lapangan kerja bagi para angkatan kerja muda sebagai faktor utama yang menyebabkan perbedaan tersebut. Korea Selatan berhasil mengakselerasi kinerja ekonomi nasional karena mampu menekan laju pengangguran pemuda dikisaran 10% sejak tahun 1990. Angka ini jauh dibawah Tunisia yang mencapai 30% pada periode yang sama.

Sumber: Population Division United nation (2015)

Produktivitas, semangat entrepreneurship dan inovasi adalah kunci dalam menciptakan kesejahteraan. Pengabaian atas permasalahan ini bisa saja menghantarkan kita pada nasib yang sama seperti Tunisia dan Negara-negara lain di kawasan Timur tengah dan Afrika Utara yang mengalami demographic disaster.

***

Maraknya kasus begal yang terjadi beberapa waktu yang lalu harusnya membuat kita bergeming. Pelakunya yang rata-rata berusia belia bisa saja menjadi indikasi awal adanya permasalahan serius terkait kualitas kebijakan pembangunan kepemudaan di Sulawesi Selatan.

Besarnya kuantitas pemuda Sulsel tentu menjadi salah satu pertimbangan untuk konteks tersebut. Sulsel merupakan provinsi dengan jumlah pemuda terbesar di kawasan Timur Indonesia. Data dari Statistik pemuda yang dipublikasi oleh Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) mencatat bahwa tahun 2017 sulsel merupakan rumah bagi 2,1 juta orang penduduk yang berusia 16-30 tahun. Jumlah ini setara dengan 24,84% dari total penduduk.

Namun demikian, besaran ini tidak berbanding lurus dengan kualitas. Berbagai indikator menunjukkan bahwa secara kualitas kita masih tertinggal jauh dibandingkan provinsi lainnya. Alih-alih menempatkannya sebagai kekuatan, kuantitas yang besar ini justru lebih tepat untuk dianggap sebagai ancaman.

Salah satu indikator yang paling mencolok adalah Tingkat Partisipasi Angkatan Kerja (TPAK) pemuda. Pada tahun 2017 TPAK Sulsel mencapai 53,77%. Angka ini jauh dibawah rata-rata nasional sebesar 59,86%. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa hampir setengah anak muda kita yang belum berpartisipasi secara aktif di pasar kerja.

Hal ini tentunya cukup ironis karena beberapa tahun terakhir Sulsel mencatat pertumbuhan ekonomi yang cukup gemilang. Secara teoritik, pertumbuhan ekonomi seharusnya menciptakan lapangan kerja baru. Jika lapangan kerja bertambah lantas mengapa masih banyak anak muda kita yang belum bekerja?.

Alasan yang paling masuk akal adalah lapangan kerja tersebut tidak sesuai dengan preferensi dan selera anak muda. Menurunnya minat anak muda untuk bertani adalah gejala yang paling banyak ditemukan. Meskipun jumlah sawah bertambah tidak berarti semakin banyak anak muda yang mau menjadi petani.

Indikator lain adalah tingkat pendapatan. Faktanya 33,07% anak muda sulsel memiliki pendapatan dibawah 1 juta rupiah. Hanya 14,15% diantaranya yang memiliki pendapatan di atas 3 juta rupiah. Jika dibandingkan dengan pendapatan pemuda di DKI Jakarta, Sulsel jauh tertinggal karena 60,67% anak muda Jakarta berpenghasilan di atas 3 juta rupiah sebulan.

Indikator selanjutnya terkait jenis pekerjaan yang masih didominasi oleh pekerjaan buruh, karyawan dan pegawai (41,52%). hal yang cukup mengejutkan adalah pekerjaan “pekerja keluarga yang tidak dibayar” tercatat cukup tinggi yaitu sebesar 27,77%. Angka ini jauh di atas nilai rata-rata nasional sebesar 17,44%.

***

Sederet fakta tersebut seharusnya cukup untuk menggambarkan betapa krusialnya perbaikan kualitas kebijakan kepemudaan di Sulsel. Di tingkat nasional, kewaspadaan ini mulai terbangun. Presiden Jokowi pada tanggal 12 Juli 2017 menandatangani Peraturan Presiden (Perpres) Nomor 66 Tahun 2017 tentang Kordinasi Lintas Strategis Lintas Sektor Penyelenggaraan Pelayanan Kepemudaan. Permasalahan pemuda tidak lagi dianggap sebagai permasalahan sektoral yang diselesaikan melalui kebijakan parsial. Dibutuhkan solusi lintas sektoral yang lebih komprehensif mengingat kompleksnya permasalahan yang ada.

Perpres ini diharapkan mampu mendorong efisiensi, sinkronisasi dan harmonisasi program kegiatan dan kajian penyelenggaraan pelayanan kepemudaan. Untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut pemerintah pusat menyusun Rencana Aksi Nasional Pelayanan Kepemudaan (RANPP) dan diharapkan pemerintah daerah membuat rencana aksi daerah yang mengacu pada rencana aksi nasional tersebut.

Sayangnya, RANPD ini masih terkesan ekslusif karena tidak melibatkan kelompok pemuda secara luas. Wajar saja jika kebijakan ini tidak populer dan tidak memiliki gaung di tengah masyarakat.

Hari ini kita hidup di zaman milenial yang serba kolaboratif. Kebijakan pembangunan daerah tentu harus beradaptasi dengan semangat ini. Pemerintah dapat memposisikan diri sebagai mediator untuk memaksimalkan segala elemen yang ada melalui satu visi kepemudaan yang jelas. Visi ini tentunya didasarkan pada partisipasi aktif pemuda itu sendiri. Dengan demikian segala kebijakan pembangunan benar-benar didasarkan pada permasalahan aktual yang tengah terjadi.

Sebagai penutup izinkan saya mengutip perkataan dari seorang Andi Sudirman Sulaiman yang mengatakan bahwa, “umur saya 34 tahun, biarkan nanti ada seribu lagi anak muda yang akan maju, saya sebagai pembuka”

Alhe Laitte

Founder & CEO Locita.co

120 comments

  • I simply want to tell you that I am just beginner to blogging and definitely loved you’re blog site. More than likely I’m want to bookmark your blog . You definitely come with very good articles and reviews. Regards for revealing your blog.

  • This would have to be a new blog. Something that you want to read about, but havent found online. This can be religious, fashion-based, etc. Im just getting some ideas for the blog i want to start- Thanks!.

  • Amazing this hit it at the dot we will post to Bebo and also Fb Город Электросталь активно застраивается | Профессиональные новости | РћРћРћ “Белго+” – Двери производства Белоруси. Продажа, установка was great

  • I require to gain a little money as well as I am a really opinionated individual so I seem like composing blogs would be a great begin to making some added cash. I am a full time university student as well as I likewise have a $20 hr a week task but I am still having issues making ends meet. Thanks for any kind of help!.

  • Thanks so much for providing individuals with such a nice chance to read critical reviews from this website. It’s always very awesome and also packed with a good time for me and my office friends to visit your website at minimum three times a week to see the new items you have. And indeed, I am at all times impressed considering the astonishing creative ideas you give. Selected 4 areas in this article are completely the most efficient I have had.

  • I’m trying to find clothing as well as style concepts at an affordable prices for a female over 25 … Anyone know any great websites or blog sites?. Feels like whatever I locate is either tailored toward teens or is hugely expensive couture … Many thanks!.

  • Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed! Very helpful information particularly the last part 🙂 I care for such info a lot. I was seeking this certain information for a very long time. Thank you and good luck.

  • I am curious to find out what blog system you’re utilizing?
    I’m having some small security issues with my latest site and I’d
    like to find something more secure. Do you have any recommendations?

  • Hi! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering which
    blog platform are you using for this website? I’m getting fed up of WordPress
    because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking
    at alternatives for another platform. I would be awesome if you could point
    me in the direction of a good platform.

  • Thanks for finally talking about >Sudah Saatnya Sulsel Memiliki Visi kepemudaan. – Locita <Loved it!

  • exactly how come some blogs in a blogroll do not have their most recent post detailed as well as others do? Exactly how to transform that?

  • hello!,I like your writing so a lot! share we be in contact extra approximately your post on AOL?
    I require an expert on this space to solve my problem.
    Maybe that’s you! Taking a look ahead to peer you.

  • I just desired to generate a quick comment in order to express gratitude to you for anyone wonderful pointers you will be posting at this site. Time consuming internet investigation has towards the end of waking time been rewarded with excellent strategies to tell my guests. I will say that most of us readers can be extremely endowed to happen in a fantastic network with methods . marvellous people who useful hints. I find myself quite privileged to own used your webpages and appear forward to really more fabulous minutes reading here. Thank you for several things.

  • I am helping some buddies obtain their shop on the map and also observed. They have a web site. Among the methods my study to optimize a website is to make use of a blog. I am not blog smart and neither are they so need a little help as to great sites to position there blog site to ensure that they obtain noticed.

  • What organizing websites will permit my blog to earn money off adds being put on my blog?

  • magnificent points altogether, you simply gained a brand new reader. What could you recommend in regards to your post that you just made some days ago? Any certain?

  • You can certainly see your enthusiasm in the work you write.
    The sector hopes for even more passionate writers such as you who are not afraid to mention how they believe.
    At all times follow your heart.

  • I would love to be able to tag blogs I such as as well as have them show on my website. Any ideas on the best course to take on this. Any input would certainly be practical.

  • My developer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the costs.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on numerous websites for about a year and am concerned about switching to another
    platform. I have heard great things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into it?

    Any kind of help would be greatly appreciated!

  • After I initially left a comment I appear to have clicked on the
    -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now whenever a comment is added
    I get four emails with the exact same comment. Is there a means
    you can remove me from that service? Many thanks!

  • I just want to say I am very new to blogs and truly savored you’re web site. More than likely I’m likely to bookmark your website . You amazingly come with superb articles and reviews. Regards for sharing your webpage.

  • It appears there are internet sites as well as blogs committed to lots of activities, such television, music, lives of celebrities, and so on. But I truly can not find websites and blogs devoted to analysis, sadly an afterthought when it concerns activities … Any person know some actually popular and also fantastic ones? Traditional and current literature are both amazing with me, because I read both … Many thanks so much! =o-RRB-.

  • You made some decent points there. I checked on the internet for more info about the issue and
    found most individuals will go along with your views on this site.

  • Howdy! Someone in my Myspace group shared this site with us
    so I came to give it a look. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers!

    Terrific blog and outstanding design.

  • I just want to say I am very new to blogs and truly savored you’re web site. More than likely I’m likely to bookmark your website . You amazingly come with superb articles and reviews. Regards for sharing your webpage.

  • I am extremely impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it’s rare to see a nice blog like this one nowadays..

  • I just want to say I am very new to blogs and truly savored you’re web site. More than likely I’m likely to bookmark your website . You amazingly come with superb articles and reviews. Regards for sharing your webpage.

  • Your positions continually have got a lot of really up to date info. Where do you come up with this? Just saying you are very resourceful. Thanks again

  • I do not even know how I finished up here, but I thought this publish used to be good. I don’t understand who you are however certainly you are going to a famous blogger for those who are not already 😉 Cheers!

  • Quality articles or reviews is the secret to invite the visitors to
    pay a quick visit the website, that’s what this web site is
    providing.

  • Good answer back in return of this issue with real arguments and explaining everything concerning that.

  • Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board and
    I find It truly helpful & it helped me out
    much. I am hoping to present something again and aid others such as you aided me.

  • I was recommended this web site by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my difficulty. You’re amazing! Thanks!

  • Wow, that’s what I was searching for, what a data! existing here at this web site, thanks admin of
    this site.

  • Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I definitely enjoyed reading it, you could be a great author.

    I will be sure to bookmark your blog and will often come back someday.
    I want to encourage you continue your great posts, have a
    nice afternoon!

  • Greetings I am so excited I found your site, I really found you by accident,
    while I was searching on Aol for something else, Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say thank you for a
    remarkable post and a all round thrilling blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have
    time to go through it all at the moment but I have saved it and
    also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back
    to read a lot more, Please do keep up the fantastic work.

  • Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to
    say that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts.
    After all I’ll be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again soon!

  • Hi there i am kavin, its my first occasion to commenting anywhere, when i read this paragraph i thought i could also make comment due to this good post.

  • I’m extremely impressed together with your writing abilities
    as neatly as with the structure to your weblog. Is this a paid topic or did you customize it your self?
    Either way stay up the nice high quality writing, it is rare to look a nice blog like
    this one these days..

  • Hi there! I just want to give you a huge thumbs up for your excellent information you’ve got right here on this post.

    I’ll be returning to your blog for more soon.

  • Please let me know if you’re looking for a author for your site.
    You have some really good posts and I think I would be a good asset.
    If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d absolutely love to write some content for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.
    Please send me an email if interested. Regards!

  • It’s an awesome post designed for all the internet visitors; they
    will take advantage from it I am sure.

  • Greetings! This is my first visit to your blog!
    We are a group of volunteers and starting a new project in a
    community in the same niche. Your blog provided us
    beneficial information to work on. You have done a marvellous job!

  • Excellent blog here! Also your site loads up fast! What web host are you using?
    Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my website
    loaded up as fast as yours lol

  • I want to express appreciation to you just for rescuing me from this problem. Right after browsing through the online world and obtaining opinions which were not beneficial, I believed my entire life was done. Living devoid of the approaches to the problems you have resolved by means of your good write-up is a critical case, and the ones that would have badly damaged my career if I hadn’t encountered your site. Your good capability and kindness in dealing with all the stuff was helpful. I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t come upon such a subject like this. I can at this time look forward to my future. Thank you so much for your high quality and effective guide. I will not think twice to recommend the blog to any individual who would need guidance on this situation.

  • I like the helpful info you provide to your articles.

    I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again right here regularly.
    I am somewhat sure I will learn lots of new stuff right here!
    Best of luck for the next!

  • I just want to say I am very new to blogs and truly savored you’re web site. More than likely I’m likely to bookmark your website . You amazingly come with superb articles and reviews. Regards for sharing your webpage.

  • Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board and I
    find It truly useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give
    something back and help others like you aided me.

  • Wow! At last I got a website from where I
    know how to genuinely get helpful information concerning my study and knowledge.

  • Wow, fantastic blog structure! How long have you
    ever been running a blog for? you make running a blog glance easy.
    The entire look of your website is great, let alone the content material!

  • First off I would like to say terrific blog!

    I had a quick question that I’d like to ask if you do not mind.
    I was curious to find out how you center yourself and clear your
    mind prior to writing. I’ve had difficulty clearing my thoughts in getting my thoughts out there.

    I truly do take pleasure in writing however it just seems like the first 10 to
    15 minutes tend to be lost just trying to figure out how to begin. Any ideas or hints?
    Kudos!

  • Today, I went to the beach front with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old
    daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She
    placed the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit
    crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back!
    LoL I know this is entirely off topic but
    I had to tell someone!

  • Hi there Dear, are you really visiting this web site on a regular basis, if so
    afterward you will definitely take pleasant experience.

  • My brother recommended I may like this web site.

    He was once totally right. This post actually made my day.

    You cann’t believe just how so much time I had spent for this information! Thank you!

  • Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems
    as though you relied on the video to make your point.

    You definitely know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just
    posting videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something informative to read?

  • Hi, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if
    you get a lot of spam comments? If so how do you stop it, any plugin or
    anything you can advise? I get so much lately it’s driving me
    crazy so any support is very much appreciated.

  • Hey there just wanted to give you a quick heads up.
    The text in your article seem to be running off the screen in Opera.
    I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with web browser compatibility
    but I thought I’d post to let you know. The design look
    great though! Hope you get the problem solved soon. Cheers

  • These are genuinely fantastic ideas in regarding blogging.
    You have touched some pleasant points here. Any way keep up wrinting.

  • First off I would like to say terrific blog! I had a quick question that I’d like to ask if you do not mind.
    I was interested to know how you center yourself and clear your head
    prior to writing. I have had a tough time clearing
    my thoughts in getting my ideas out there. I do take pleasure in writing
    but it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes tend to be lost simply just trying to figure out how to begin. Any ideas or
    tips? Cheers!

  • Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m inspired!
    Very helpful information specifically the closing section 🙂 I maintain such info a
    lot. I used to be looking for this particular information for a long time.
    Thanks and good luck.

  • Quality posts is the key to invite the people to go
    to see the web page, that’s what this website is providing.

    natalielise pof

  • I was recommended this website by my cousin. I’m no longer positive whether
    or not this submit is written by him as nobody else know such distinct about my difficulty.
    You are amazing! Thanks!

  • Do you have a blog site? I have a verse blog. =-RRB- If so, what’s your web link so I can examine it out as well as follow you. =-RRB-. I already have one started. =-RRB-.

  • Your style is so unique in comparison to other folks I have read stuff from.

    Many thanks for posting when you’ve got the opportunity,
    Guess I will just bookmark this blog.

  • What’s up, I would like to subscribe for this blog to
    take hottest updates, thus where can i do it please help
    out.

  • If you would like to grow your knowledge just keep visiting this web site and be updated with the
    newest gossip posted here.

  • Wow, this post is nice, my younger sister is
    analyzing these kinds of things, thus I am going to tell her.

  • Excellent post. I used to be checking constantly this weblog and I’m inspired!
    Very helpful info specifically the closing phase 🙂 I care for such info a lot.
    I was looking for this certain information for a long time.
    Thank you and good luck. plenty of fish natalielise

  • WowHurrah, that’s what I was lookingsearchingseekingexploring for, what a stuffinformationdatamaterial! presentexisting here at this blogweblogwebpagewebsiteweb site, thanks admin of this websiteweb sitesiteweb page.

  • How long does a copyright last on newspaper articles?. . If a service copies newspapers articles and then posts it in a database on the Internet, is there also a copyright on the Internet content?.

  • When someone writes an articlepostpiece of writingparagraph he/she keepsmaintainsretains the ideathoughtplanimage of a user in his/her mindbrain that how a user can understandknowbe aware of it. SoThusTherefore that’s why this articlepostpiece of writingparagraph is amazinggreatperfectoutstdanding. Thanks!

  • Simply just how does one generate income from blogs? Exactly how does one begin it or set about it? Is there a particular means to do it? Simply exactly how does one earn money from blogs in the first place? Where does one start in this? Do you need to advertise as well as use your charge card? Exist any particular type of rules you need to adhere to? Do you need to set the blog up on your own or are there ones that assist you establish it up? Just how do you obtain advertisers on your blog? Are individuals minimal to the variety of blogs online? Exactly how frequently do you earn money?. Many thanks for the assistance!.

  • Can I just now say thats a relief to discover a person that really knows what theyre dealing with online. You certainly have learned to bring an issue to light to make it critical. Lots more people must read this and understand why side of the story. I cant believe youre no more well-known simply because you undoubtedly contain the gift.

Tentang Penulis

Alhe Laitte

Founder & CEO Locita.co

Follow us

Don't be shy, get in touch. We love meeting interesting people and making new friends.